How To Install Windows on a New PC

Setting up a new PC with Windows can seem daunting, but with the right guidance, it becomes a straightforward process. This comprehensive guide will take you through each step to successfully install Windows on your new machine, ensuring it’s ready for use.

1. Prepare Your System

System Requirements:

Before you begin, make sure your new PC meets the minimum system requirements for Windows 10 or Windows 11 (the latest versions as of now):

  • Windows 10 Requirements:
  • Processor: 1 GHz or faster processor or System on a Chip (SoC)
  • RAM: 1 GB for 32-bit or 2 GB for 64-bit
  • Hard drive space: 16 GB for 32-bit OS or 20 GB for 64-bit OS
  • Graphics card: DirectX 9 or later with WDDM 1.0 driver
  • Display: 800 x 600
  • Windows 11 Requirements:
  • Processor: 1 GHz or faster with 2 or more cores on a compatible 64-bit processor or SoC
  • RAM: 4 GB
  • Storage: 64 GB or larger storage device
  • System firmware: UEFI, Secure Boot capable
  • TPM: Trusted Platform Module (TPM) version 2.0
  • Graphics card: DirectX 12 compatible graphics / WDDM 2.x
  • Display: >9” with HD Resolution (720p)

2. Gather Your Tools

  • Windows Installation Media: You need a bootable USB drive or DVD with the Windows installation files. You can create this using the Windows Media Creation Tool available from the official Microsoft website.
  • Product Key: Ensure you have your Windows product key. It’s usually 25 characters long and looks like this: XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX.

3. Create Bootable Media

  1. Download Windows Media Creation Tool:
  • Visit the Microsoft website and download the Media Creation Tool for Windows 10 or 11.
  • Run the tool and follow the prompts to create a bootable USB drive.
  1. Create Bootable USB Drive:
  • Plug in a USB drive (at least 8 GB).
  • Select “Create installation media (USB flash drive, DVD, or ISO file) for another PC.”
  • Follow the on-screen instructions to create your bootable USB drive.

4. Boot from USB Drive

  1. Insert Bootable USB:
  • Plug the USB drive into your new PC.
  1. Enter BIOS/UEFI:
  • Power on your PC and immediately press the appropriate key to enter the BIOS/UEFI setup (commonly F2, F12, Del, or Esc).
  • Navigate to the Boot menu and set the USB drive as the primary boot device.
  • Save changes and exit BIOS/UEFI.

5. Start Windows Installation

  1. Boot from USB:
  • Your PC should now boot from the USB drive. You’ll see the Windows logo and a language selection screen.
  1. Select Language and Preferences:
  • Choose your language, time and currency format, and keyboard or input method.
  • Click “Next” and then “Install now.”
  1. Enter Product Key:
  • Enter your Windows product key when prompted. If you don’t have one, you can select “I don’t have a product key” and enter it later.
  1. Select Edition:
  • Choose the edition of Windows you want to install (e.g., Home, Pro). Make sure it matches your product key.

6. Installation Type and Partitioning

  1. Choose Installation Type:
  • Select “Custom: Install Windows only (advanced)” for a fresh installation.
  1. Partition the Drive:
  • You will see a list of partitions. If your drive is new, there may be only one entry for the entire drive.
  • Select the drive and click “New” to create a new partition. Windows will automatically create the required partitions.
  • Choose the primary partition where you want to install Windows and click “Next.”

7. Install Windows

  • The installation process will begin, and Windows will copy files, install features, and complete updates. This process may take some time. Your PC will restart several times during the installation.

8. Initial Setup and Configuration

  1. Region and Keyboard Layout:
  • Select your region and keyboard layout. Click “Yes” to proceed.
  1. Connect to a Network:
  • Connect to a Wi-Fi or Ethernet network if prompted. You can also choose to do this later.
  1. Sign in with Microsoft Account:
  • You can sign in with your Microsoft account or create a local account if you prefer.
  1. Set Up PIN:
  • Set up a PIN for quick and secure access to your PC.
  1. Privacy Settings:
  • Configure privacy settings according to your preference. You can always change these later in Settings.
  1. Additional Settings:
  • Windows will ask you to set up Cortana, OneDrive, and other services. Choose your preferences or skip as needed.

9. Install Drivers and Updates

  1. Windows Updates:
  • Go to “Settings” > “Update & Security” > “Windows Update” and check for updates. Install all available updates to ensure your system is up to date.
  1. Install Drivers:
  • Windows will automatically install most drivers, but you may need to manually install some specific drivers from the manufacturer’s website (e.g., for graphics cards, motherboards, and peripherals).

10. Install Essential Software

  • Web Browser: Install your preferred web browser if you don’t want to use Microsoft Edge.
  • Antivirus: Ensure you have a reliable antivirus program installed. Windows Defender is a good built-in option.
  • Utilities and Productivity Software: Install any additional software you need, such as Microsoft Office, Adobe Reader, or media players.

11. Backup and Restore

  • Create a Restore Point: Once your system is set up, create a restore point so you can easily revert to this state if needed.
  • Backup Your System: Consider setting up a backup routine to protect your data. Use built-in Windows Backup or third-party tools.

12. Customize Your PC

  • Personalize Settings: Go to “Settings” > “Personalization” to customize your desktop background, theme, colors, and more.
  • Configure Start Menu and Taskbar: Pin your favorite apps to the Start menu and taskbar for quick access.


Congratulations! You’ve successfully installed Windows on your new PC. By following this guide, you’ve ensured a smooth and efficient setup process. Enjoy your new system, and make the most of the features and capabilities Windows has to offer. Remember to keep your system updated and backed up to maintain optimal performance and security. Happy computing!

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